Windows 8 & 8.1 Start Menu Shortcuts
Copy this folder "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\21st Century Innovations" to your Desktop. Double click the folder and there are the "Start Menu" folders and icons. Select ProgramData not Program Files.
Windows 10 will bring back the "Start Menu" that you are familiar with since Windows 95. This was available on January 23, 2015 as a Public Preview. Windows 10 will ship sometime in the summer or fall of 2015.